The Federal Copyright Act (Title 17 of the U.S. Code) governs how copyrighted materials, such as movies, may be used. Neither the rental nor the purchase of a movie carries with it the right to show the movie publicly outside the home, unless the site where the movie is used is properly licensed for public exhibition.
Ownership of the movie and the right to use it publicly are two separate issues. The copyright holder retains exclusive public performance rights.
This legal copyright compliance requirement applies to schools, public libraries, daycare facilities, parks, recreation departments, summer camps, churches, private clubs, prisons, lodges,
This legal requirement applies:
* Regardless of how the movies are obtained
* Whether or not an admission fee is charged
* Whether the facility or organization is commercial or non-profit
* Whether a federal, state or local agency is involved
Why is Copyright Infringement a Concern?
The concept of "Public Performance" is central to copyright and the issue of protection for "intellectual property." If an author, computer programmer, musician or movie producer does not retain ownership of his or her "work," there would be little incentive for them to continue and little chance of recouping the enormous investment in time, research and development, much less profits for future endeavors.
MPAA Copyright Infringers Can be Prosecuted
The Motion Picture Association of America and its member companies are dedicated to stopping film and video piracy in all its forms, including unauthorized public performances, illegal downloading, etc. The motion picture companies can go to court to ensure their copyrights are not violated.
To avoid embarrassing publicity and fines, it is important to comply with U.S. Copyright Law when using movies publicly. If you are uncertain about your responsibilities under copyright law, consult your legal copyright compliance advisor or attorney.
Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA)
The MPAA is an anti-piracy organization that is dedicated to assisting local governments and law enforcement authorities in the investigation and prosecution of piracy cases.
Copyright for Schools: A Practical Guide
By Carol Mann Simpson, 5th edition, (Linworth Publishing, c2010).
Commonsense Copyright: A Guide For Educators & Librarians
By Rosemary Talab, 2nd edition. (McFarland & Co. Publishing, c1999).
Copyright Tips for Programming Librarians: Public Performance Rights
By Carrie Russell, Director, Program on Public Access to Information, for the ALA Office for Information Technology Policy